High-Fructose Corn Syrup is Evil: 7 Key Findings

4. High-Fructose Corn Syrup Linked to Liver Disease

“A new study suggests that for those with nonalcoholic fatty liver, drinking a lot of beverages sweetened with fructose may do the same thing as liquor,” a study by Duke University researchers published in March in the journal Hepatology found.

Compared to subjects who drank the least fructose beverages, those who drank the most were significantly more likely to have the hepatic scarring that will more often progress to cirrhosis or liver cancer. And older subjects who regularly consumed fructose beverages showed more signs of liver inflammation. After they stripped out the effects of age, gender and body-mass index, the researchers also found that the heavy fructose drinkers also have lower levels of HDL (or “good”) cholesterol.

5. High-Fructose Corn Syrup Linked to Obesity

“Some people have claimed that high-fructose corn syrup is no different than other sweeteners when it comes to weight gain and obesity, but our results make it clear that this just isn’t true, at least under the conditions of our tests,” said psychology professor Bart Hoebel, who specializes in the neuroscience of appetite, weight and sugar addiction. “When rats are drinking high-fructose corn syrup at levels well below those in soda pop, they’re becoming obese — every single one, across the board. Even when rats are fed a high-fat diet, you don’t see this; they don’t all gain extra weight.” More info from the study:

A Princeton University research team has demonstrated that all sweeteners are not equal when it comes to weight gain: Rats with access to high-fructose corn syrup gained significantly more weight than those with access to table sugar, even when their overall caloric intake was the same.

In addition to causing significant weight gain in lab animals, long-term consumption of high-fructose corn syrup also led to abnormal increases in body fat, especially in the abdomen, and a rise in circulating blood fats called triglycerides. The researchers say the work sheds light on the factors contributing to obesity trends in the United States.

6. High-Fructose Corn Syrup Linked to High Blood Pressure

In one more recent study, published in November 2009, researches from University of Colorado Denver Health Sciences Center confirmed what others had only hinted at. HFCS intake is independently linked to high blood pressure.

“The recent increase in fructose consumption in industrialized nations mirrors the rise in the prevalence of hypertension, but epidemiologic studies have inconsistently linked these observations. We investigated whether increased fructose intake from added sugars associates with an increased risk for higher BP levels in US adults without a history of hypertension…. [Our] results suggest that high fructose intake, in the form of added sugar, independently associates with higher BP levels among US adults without a history of hypertension.”

7. Solve the Problem, Rename High-Fructose Corn Syrup

! Say What?
Ok, this one could be classified under the category of evil, in my opinion. In an effort to avoid the consumer backlash to HFCS that is developing as a result of all these findings, the Corn Refiners Association is trying to get the FDA to rename ‘corn syrup‘ as ‘corn sugar‘ — horrible!

If you want to do yourself a favor, cut high-fructose corn syrup and (if it gets renamed) corn sugar out of your diet!

Most links found via The Ban of High Fructose Corn Syrup in the U.S. website.

  1. Juicemaven

    The body has to break down sugar which is a complex carbohydrate first into fructose then into glucose before it can be digested. Fructose found in all fruit is easily digested because the body skips a step in the metabolism and just breaks it down to glucose. If you keep drinking that McDonald’s 32 oz sweet tea, or sodas which went from 12 oz to 24 oz in 20 years, maybe the amount of sugar, in any form, is the problem. When you ingest more food than your body burns off, the rest isn;t peed out…it is converted into FAT and stored by the body. If you plot the curve of homes with cable TV and the increased seditary lifestyle over the last 30 years against gains in average body weight, you will also see a coorelation.

  2. Matt Bogard

    A better alternative, if ‘corn sugar’ is not approved, is to require all sweeteners that are 50% fructose or greater (table/cane/beet sugar, honey, or corn sugar) with the prefix ‘high-fructose.’ That would put all sweeteners on level ground and would force the media and ‘pollanized’ monsantophobes to call things what they are and limit their ability to perpetuate these ‘osegate’ style conspiracy theories at the expense of modern agriculture and family farms.

    See below for additional research related to HFCS, its metabolic equivalency other sweeteners and health impacts.

    Sun SZ, Flickinger BD, Williamson-Hughes PS, Empie MW. 2010. Lack of association between dietary fructose and hyperuricemia risk in adults. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2010 Mar 1; 7:16.

    White JS. 2009. Misconceptions about High-Fructose Corn Syrup: Is It Uniquely Responsible for Obesity, Reactive Dicarbonyl Compounds, and Advanced Glycation Endproducts? J Nutr 139(6): 1219S-1227S.

    Fulgoni V. 2008. High-fructose corn syrup: everything you wanted to know, but were afraid to ask. Am J Clin Nutr 88(6):1715S.

    White JS. 2008. Straight talk about high-fructose corn syrup: what it is and what it ain’t. Am J Clin Nutr 88(6):1716S-1721S.

    Melanson KJ, Angelopoulos TJ, Nguyen V, Zukley L, Lowndes J, Rippe JM. 2008. High-fructose corn syrup, energy intake, and appetite regulation. Am J Clin Nutr 88(6):1738S-1744S.

    Soenen S and Westerterp-Plantenga MS. 2007. No differences in satiety or energy intake after high-fructose corn syrup, sucrose, or milk preloads. Am J Clin Nutr 86(6):1586-1594.

    Akhavan T. and Anderson GH. 2007. Effects of glucose-to-fructose ratios in solutions on subjective satiety, food intake, and satiety hormones in young men. Am J Clin Nut 86(5) 1354-1363.

    Forshee RA, Storey ML, Allison DB, Glinsmann WH, Hein GL, Lineback DR, Miller SA, Nicklas TA, Weaver GA, White JS. 2007. A Critical Examination of the Evidence Relating High Fructose Corn Syrup and Weight Gain. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 47(6):561-582.

    Sun SZ, Empie MW. 2007. Lack of findings for the association between obesity risk and usual sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in adults – A primary analysis of databases of CSFII-1989-1991, CSFII-1994-1998, NHANES III, and combined

    NHANES 1999-2002. Food Chem Toxicol 45(8):1523-1536.

    Monsivais P, Perrigue MM, Drewnowski A. 2007. Sugars and satiety: does the type of sweetener make a difference? Am J Clin Nutr 86(1):116-123.

    Lowndes J, et al. June 2007. The Effect of High-Fructose Corn Syrup on Uric Acid Levels in Normal Weight Women. Presented at the June 2007 meeting of The Endocrine Society. Program Abstract #P2-45.

    Zukley L, et al. June 2007. The Effect of High Fructose Corn Syrup on Post-Prandial Lipemia in Normal Weight Females. Presented at the June 2007 meeting of The Endocrine Society. Program Abstract #P2-46.

    Melanson KJ, Zukley L, Lowndes J, Nguyen V, Angelopoulos TJ, Rippe JM. 2007. Effects of high-fructose corn syrup and sucrose consumption on circulating glucose, insulin, leptin, and ghrelin and on appetite in normal-weight women. Nutrition 23(2):103-112.

    Schorin MD. 2006. High Fructose Corn Syrups, Part 2: Health Effects. Nutrition Today 41(2):70-77.

    Schorin MD. 2005. High Fructose Corn Syrups, Part 1: Composition, Consumption, and Metabolism. Nutrition Today 40(6):248-252.

    Hein GL, Storey ML, White JS, Lineback DR. 2005. Highs and Lows of High Fructose Corn Syrup: A Report from the Center for Food and Nutrition Policy and Its Ceres Workshop. Nutrition Today 40(6):253-256.

  3. carles

    lol the majority of things you say doesn’t even have logic…
    i’m a nutritionist and believe me i know that HFCS is not the best thing in the world, personally i don’t even like it…
    but..come on…cancer loves fructuose is so obvious…cancer cells are cells anyways..they love energy…which is given by fructuose..duh!…u should definitively not take HFCS if u have cancer already..but there is no prove this generates cancer…lol…
    and also his is linked to obesity..if u abuse wathever carbohidrate that will make u fat..duh…if u abuse WATHEVER GOOD FOOD IN THE WORLD..if u have more than 2000 calories without exercise…u will get fat.

  4. Ali

    Carles, you’re a nutritionist? seriously? you didn’t know that fructose and glucose are processed differently by the cells and most prefer glucose to any other form of energy? The reference link suggests they compared the two and fructose increase growth rate. Obviously all sugar should be reduced with cancer but this was thought to be the insulin effect also which stimulates cancer cells.
    When it comes to obesity, the form of the calorie is important. It is refined sugar that causes the problem, simply because it is absorbed too quickly with no nutrients to process the energy. It is really difficult to get obese on a high fibre diet, even if you are eating over 2000 calories.

  5. Jeff Robinson

    I have a horse in this race because I am allergic to corn. Then more processed the corn is, the worse my allergic reaction. This shit is in almost every factory made food from bread to salad dressing. I spend more time reading labels in the store than actual shopping time.

    Jeff Robinson, KCMO

  6. john.j acres

    hi jeff robinson
    well are’nt you the lucky one only alergic to corn,try being ceoliac i am alergic to wheat,barley,rye,oates & all that derives from these grains, the only grains i can have are corn,millet,buckwheat,quinoa,sorgham,how many lables do you think i read.

    regards john j acres

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